Shifting Troika Forecasts and a Marshall Plan for Greece

Michael Stephens | August 12, 2013

Dimitri Papadimitriou in Bloomberg View yesterday:

In December 2010, the so-called troika of lenders — the European Commission, the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund — predicted that their measures would move Greece’s unemployment rate to just under 15 percent by 2014. A year later, it changed the forecast to almost 20 percent.

This month, the Hellenic Statistical Authority reported that unemployment rose to a record in May, with a seasonally adjusted jobless rate of 27.6 percent. The rate was 64.9 percent for people 15 to 24.

Bold declarations that belt-tightening would produce growth have been pared back, too. Since 2010, the troika has gradually dropped its forecast for 2014 gross domestic product (in money terms) by almost 40 percent. IMF staff reported last week that GDP contracted 6.4 percent in 2012 and will drop 4.2 percent this year before expanding only a little in 2014.

Yet, despite admissions that mistakes were certainly made, no consideration is being given to ending austerity measures. Nor has there been effort to devise a renewal agenda for Greece. The Marshall Plan offers a spectacularly successful model that could easily be adapted.

… Here is how an EU-funded plan for recovery could succeed. Although past bailout funds benefited banks and financial institutions, with a large portion devoted to interest payments for creditors, the new program would focus on debt forgiveness, and then turn to reconstruction projects to rebuild national infrastructure and create public projects at the local level.

Read it all here.

This is what the troika’s constantly-downgraded predictions look like, compared to the actual paths of growth and unemployment and projections based on the Levy Institute’s stock-flow model for Greece (from “The Greek Economic Crisis and the Experience of Austerity“):

Fig4 Real GDP_Greek SA 2013

Fig6 Unemployment Rate_Greek SA 2013


2 Responses to “Shifting Troika Forecasts and a Marshall Plan for Greece”

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  1. Comment by Ilias K — August 13, 2013 at 1:01 am   Reply

    While no plan is perfect, this plan has an outrageous and MAJOR flaw. It fails to recognize the congenital malfunction of modern Greeks to produce something (anything). The Greeks in 2012 have nothing to do with the Greeks in 1945. The modern Greeks anticipate a job in the public sector that pays very well, has no work, vacations and no responsibilities. Every euro dedicated to construction projects (like all the construction for the Olympic games infrastructure) will go to Albania, Bulgaria and all the illegal immigrants who work hard and get paid very little. Not a single Greek will ever apply for these jobs. Just for fun to check the validity, the Levy institute can post an job announcement for construction jobs at the unemployment office to see how many Greeks (born and raised) will apply. should you wish to discuss, I will gladly elaborate on my arguments.

    • Comment by Michael Stephens — August 13, 2013 at 9:45 am   Reply

      As it happens, we don’t need to speculate about what would happen if such jobs were posted. A small scale direct job creation program was actually announced in 2011. Although the program was designed to support only 55,000 jobs (using EU structural funds), 270,000 applicants qualified — and that was back when the unemployment rate was 16 percent. I agree that no plan is perfect, but it would appear that “not a single Greek will every apply” is not the particular imperfection of this plan.

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